Advances in Agriculture, Food Science and Forestry

Commentary - (2022) Volume 10, Issue 4

Food processing
Godwin Anywar*
Department of Plant Sciences, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
*Correspondence: Godwin Anywar, Department of Plant Sciences, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda,

Received: 29-Dec-2021, Manuscript No. AAFSF-21-50825; Editor assigned: 31-Dec-2021, Pre QC No. AAFSF-21-50825(PQ); Reviewed: 17-Jan-2022, QC No. AAFSF-21-50825; Revised: 03-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. AAFSF-21-50825(R); Published: 13-Oct-2022, DOI: 10.51268/2736-1799.22.10.087


Food processing is the transformation of agricultural merchandise into food, or of one form of food into different forms. Food processing consists of many kinds of processing meals from grinding grain to make uncooked flour to domestic cooking to complex commercial strategies used to make comfort meals. Some food processing strategies play essential roles in decreasing meals waste and enhancing food preservation for that reason decreasing the whole environmental effect of agriculture and enhancing food security.

Primary food processing is important to make maximum foods edible and secondary food processing turns the components into acquainted meals, together with bread. Tertiary food processing has been criticized for selling over nutrition and obesity containing an excessive amount of sugar and salt, too little fiber and in any other case being unhealthful in admire to nutritional desires of human beings and farm animals.

Primary food processing

Primary food processing turns agricultural merchandise, together with uncooked wheat kernels or livestock, into something which can in the end be eaten. This class consists of components which can be produced via way of means of historic techniques together with drying, threshing, winnowing and milling grain, shelling nuts, and butchering animals for meat. It additionally consists of deboning and reducing meat, freezing and smoking fish and meat, extracting and filtering oils, canning meals, keeping food through food irradiation, and candling eggs, in addition to homogenizing and pasteurizing milk.

Contamination and spoilage troubles in number one meals processing can result in huge public fitness threats, because the ensuing meals are used so widely. However, many kinds of processing make contributions to stepped forward meals protection and longer shelf lifestyles earlier than the meals spoils. Commercial meals processing makes use of manage structures together with risk evaluation and essential manage points (HACCP) and Failure Mode and Consequences Evaluation (FMEA) to reduce the chance of harm.

Secondary food processing

Secondary food processing is the regular technique of making food from components which can be equipped to use. Baking bread, irrespective of whether or not it's far made at domestic, in a small bakery, or in a massive factory, is an instance of secondary food processing. Fermenting fish and making wine, beer and different alcoholic merchandise are conventional kinds of secondary food processing. Sausages are a common form of secondary processed meat, formed via way of means of commination (grinding) of meat that has already passed through number one processing. Most of the secondary food processing strategies recognised to human type are usually defined as cooking strategies.

Tertiary food processing

Tertiary food processing is the industrial manufacturing of what’s usually known as processed food. These are equipped to consume or heat and serve foods, together with TV dinners and re heated airline food.


Benefits of food processing encompass toxin removal, preservation, easing advertising and distribution tasks, and growing food consistency. In addition, it will increase every year availability of many foods, allows transportation of sensitive perishable foods throughout lengthy distances and makes many forms of foods secure to consume via way of means of de activating spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Modern supermarkets could now no longer exist without contemporary day food processing techniques and lengthy voyages could now no longer be possible.

Processed foods are commonly much less vulnerable to early spoilage than clean meals and are higher ideal for lengthy-distance transportation from the supply to the consumer. When they had been first introduced, a few processed meals helped to relieve meals shortages and stepped forward the general nutrients of populations because it made many new meals to be had to the masses.

Processing also can lessen the occurrence of food borne disease. Fresh materials, together with clean produce and uncooked meats are much more likely to harbour pathogenic microorganisms (e.g. Salmonella) able to inflicting critical illnesses.

Mass manufacturing of food is lots inexpensive usual than individual manufacturing of food from uncooked components. Therefore, a massive earnings capability exists for the producers and providers of processed food products. Individuals can also additionally see an advantage in comfort; however not often see any direct monetary value advantage in the usage of processed meals compared to domestic practice.

Processed food freed humans from the massive quantity of time concerned in getting ready and cooking "natural" unprocessed meals. The growth in free time lets in human’s lots greater desire in lifestyles fashion than formerly allowed. In many households the adults are running far from domestic and consequently there may be little time for the practice of food primarily based totally on clean components. The food enterprise gives products that satisfy many unique desires e.g absolutely organized equipped food that maybe heated up in the microwave oven inside someminutes.

Modern food processing additionally improves the first class of lifestyles for humans with allergies, diabetics, and different people who can't eat a few common meals elements. Food processing also can upload more vitamins together with vitamins.

Get the App