Advances in Fishery, Aquaculture and Hydrobiology

Investigation of Food and care of propensities for the African waterway prawn (Macrobrachium vollenhovenii, Herklots, 1857) in Epe Tidal pond, southwest Nigeria


Babatunde A. Adams,Damilola L. Adelabi and Adeoye O. Segun

The study investigated the stomach contents of Macrobrachium vollenhoveniifrom the commercial artisanal catches in Epe Lagoon in Lagos, southwest Nigeria from July to October 2008 and April to May 2009. The stomach analysis was carried out using frequency of occurrence and numeric methods. It was observed that the prawn fed on a variety of plankton species, which included chlorophyta, euglenophyta, xantophyta, chrysophyta, cladocera, copepoda, protozoa, dinoflagellate, diatoms, insect parts and unidentified food items, with chlorophyta and diatoms forming the most important fooditems. Chlorophyta constituted 32.00% by number and 83.62% by occurrence, diatoms constituted 31.55% by number and 65.09% by occurrence. Amongst the chlorophyta, Cosmarium granatumwas the most preferred, constituting 7.93% by number and 17.67% by occurrence, followed by Ankistrodemus falcatuswith 7.57% by number and 16.38% by occurrence, respectively. The least eaten food item was insect parts. The results indicated that M. vollenhovenii can be considered as an omnivorous detritivore.


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