Editorial - (2021) Volume 9, Issue 2
The term “Mariculture” in its present usage could also be defined because the culture of organisms, both plants and animals, in an aquatic medium or environment which can be completely marine (sea), or sea water mixed to varied degrees with H2O. This definition would come with both the ocean and inland brackish water areas. The issues encountered in these areas for aquaculture purposes are quite different, necessitating different approaches to unravel them. Mariculture is an activity involving food production for human consumption. it's an activity during which aquatic organisms both plants and animals are cultured during a confined environment within the aquatic medium which can be completely marine or marine mixed to numerous degrees with freshwater within the brackish water areas. The target of aquaculture development is to extend the income and welfare of farmers. The Indonesian government has been promoting aquaculture development to scale back poverty and regional development since 2010. The event of aquaculture, especially mariculture, became one in every of Indonesia's government priority programs within the 2019-2024 period. Mariculture is one in all the aquaculture activities defined as organic mariculture activities meted out confounded, not involving aquaculture activities allotted in coastal areas, like ponds. This definition also excludes stock enhancement or marine 'ranching'. Mariculture is additionally called eco-friendly aquaculture (Neori et al 2004), which might provide economic benefits and food fulfillment. Indonesia has become one amongst the countries in Asia with such significant potential for mariculture, adjoin a part of 12.1 million hectares but only using around 2.36% Mollusks (clams, oysters, abalone, scallops, and mussels) represent the foremost important species cultured in marine waters. Seaweeds (brown, red, and green) are an in depth second. While the general public doesn’t think that they eat much (or any) seaweed, extracts from seaweeds is found in everything from toothpaste and frozen dessert to automobile tires. Seaweeds themselves are dried and used directly as human food in many parts of the globe. Crustaceans include shrimp, crabs, lobsters, and crayfish. While shrimp culture has become a significant industry in Asia and Latin American since the first 1980s, global production is way but that of mollusks and seaweeds. Marine fish production is even smaller. Top finfish groups include Atlantic salmon, milkfish, sea bream, sea bass, red drum, yellowtail, striped bass, and hybrid striped bass. Ornamental fish are sometimes raised by fish farms for commercial sales. The foremost widespread use of aquaculture, however, is that the production of marine life for human food consumption. With seafood consumption steadily rising and overfishing of the seas a growing global problem, mariculture has been hailed as a low-cost, high-yield source of animal-derived protein. The global mariculture market will be segmented supported type, culture or rearing, operation, material, and geography. In terms of type, the worldwide mariculture market will be bifurcated into seawater ponds, aquiculture, alga culture, sea cage farming, long line farming, raceway farming, fish hatcheries, and integrated multitrophic mariculture. supported culture or rearing, the world mariculture market are often classified into fish, molluscs, crustaceans, aquatic plants & microphysics, and others, which incorporates other aquatic plants and animals. In terms of operation, the world mariculture market is segregated into fixed cage, floating cages, submerged cages, and submersible cages. Furthermore, supported material, the market are often split into nylon, polyester, HDPE PE, and others, which has steel and copper alloys. Finally it's going to be said that what mariculture practice does is to supply a sanctuary for the wanted species from their predators and to deal with increased survival rate promotes increased primary production to finish up as food for these cultured organisms harnessing solar power within the type of sunlight and gravitational attraction within the variety of tides. Thus mariculture would help increase food production and build employment in rural areas.