Annals of Educational Research and Reviews

Mentality towards early hereditary screening among understudies of Osun State Polytechnics in Nigeria


Afolabi F. O and Loto A. B

This study investigated the attitude towards pre-marital genetic screening among students of Osun
State Polytechnics. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The instrument for data
collection was self developed and structured questionnaire in four- point likert scale format. Descriptive
statistics of frequency count and percentages were used to describe the demographic data, while the
parametric statistics of t-test and ANOVA set at 0.05 alpha level were used to test the hypotheses. A
total number of one thousand, one hundred and sixty-five (1,165) Higher National Diploma (HND)
students served as respondents for the study. Multistage sampling technique was used in three stages
to select the respondents, namely: purposive sampling technique was used to select the schools;
stratified sampling technique was used to select the Faculties and Departments, while proportionate
sample of 25% was selected from each stratum. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.
The following were the values obtained: Difference in Attitude towards Pre-marital Genetic Screening
(Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 1.310, df = 1163, P>.05); Difference in Attitude Due to Religion (F(2,1162) = .689,
P>.05) and Difference in Attitude Due to Course of Study (F(5,1159) = .585, P>.05). Conclusions were
drawn based on the findings of the study. The study recommended, among other things, that religious
organizations should serve as useful channels to disseminate health information since people always
have respect for places of worship and religious leaders. Also, Health Education should be
incorporated into the curriculum of Polytechnics.


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