Annals of Educational Research and Reviews

Policies and practice of home science education in secondary schools


K. N. Nyangara and L. O. Othuon

Policy formulation, implementation and evaluation in relation to Home Science education raise fundamental
questions of efficacy. Since independence in Kenya in 1963, there have been several commissions to look into the
education system, resulting in policy decisions that have changed the curriculum in secondary schools. Curriculum
change was driven by the need to ensure that education is relevant to the needs of the learners, of good quality and
contributes to the achievement of Kenya’s development goals. The literature however reveals that little has changed
in terms of what is taught in Home Science, leading to questions regarding its relevance. The purpose of this study
was to investigate the policies and practice of Home Science education in Kenya. Document analysis was conducted
to establish the policies guiding Home Science education in secondary schools, while teacher practices were
obtained through the use of questionnaires. The study revealed that while there have been several attempts to review
Home Science education in Kenya, these attempts have been incidental to whole sector review and not planned
specifically for Home Science. The findings imply that policies guiding Home Science education need to be reviewed
to make the subject more relevant to national development goals.


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